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Learning techniques

            How we perceive the world can vary in many ways. Our levels of processing can vary based one each task we are dealt with. Our ability to encode, store and retrieve our memories can differ based on the life challenge that we are dealing with. How we learn, process and retrieve information from an Academic based setting can be quite different from our learning experience in the workforce. Different learning techniques should be used for each situation. Pattern recognition techniques would be the most effective learning strategy, in an academic based setting, since understanding how various principles of learning work within each other, makes it much easier to remember information. Incidental or unattended learning would be most effective in the workforce, since the situations are always changing, and a person must be prepared to deal with new challenges. The workforce is always going to have situations that a person must adapt to. If they wish to truly move up in their career they need a situation based on a form of learning involving experience, rather than simply following a set of principles and patterns, which would be more effective in a classroom based setting.

Quite possibly the most effective academic study where pattern recognition learning would be effective is mathematics. An idea that helps support this phenomenon would be the principles of chess. A novice player would have a much more difficult time rearranging the positions of a pieces compared to an expert, since the chess prodigy understands the relationships among the various pieces more effectively. This same principle can be applied to learning performance, regarding mathematics.  It would be quite difficult to continue learning new formulas and theories without thoroughly understanding how these principles can relate to one another. Understanding the relationship between various functions and theories can help a student elaborate on new mathematical concepts more effectively, just as a chess expert can more thoroughly organize a chess board, based on his strategic techniques.  Pattern recognition learning can be effective in terms of helping a student apply new principles to a much wider selection of math problems. It is of course essential for the student to be familiar with previously learnt mathematical operations, for this learning process to truly take effect. In doing so the student will spend far less time trying to learn how to perform various operations, and instead understand the relationship between these new principles and the operations involved with previous mathematical knowledge. This technique can be effective in other academic areas, such as the humanities.

Pattern recognition learning can be effective towards the encoding, storage, and retrieval of a wide variety of facts a student must remember for a history exam. This phenomenon can be best understood with Bowers Mineral test. In this experiment a control group is asked to memorize 50 minerals, while an organized group is given the classification of stones and metals. Using this organizational plan, people can remember more effectively the names of the minerals presented to them. A similar principle can be applied to recognition of specific facts in history.  Instead of attempting to memorize each individual fact, a student should be prepared to categorize related facts in an orderly manner.  In order to accomplish this, the student should focus on a specific era of history and acknowledge important figures and events that occurred within that era. In doing so, the student will establish an understanding of related events making the memory storage and retrieval, much more effective, during exam time. Pattern recognition learning can help with academic assignments in addition to testing.

When given an assignment to write about, most of the time the teacher requests the student to focus on an idea, for example, a professor may ask a student to write a psychology paper, relating to Sigmund Freud’s Psychodynamic approach to psychology. The student must be able to have well-adjusted theories and concepts that relate to the psychodynamic approach to psychology. Categorizing relevant information will help a student develop well written papers, with ideas that strictly relate to the thesis of the paper. Pattern recognition gives the student the ability to organize information within a given topic more effectively. This stems from the concept that a student can take an idea and include other facts that are incorporated within that idea, thus establishing a pattern of thoughts, used to create an insightful and well written paper.  While these methods may be effective in school, the workforce requires different methods of learning.

Craik and Tulving conducted an experiment involving different cognitive functions. They would ask questions quickly to avoid any previous recall of memory. This forced the participants to think about the question and respond to in the proper occurrence. This learning strategy is called incidental learning and works in accordance to a person’s particular purpose.  Incidental learning can be an effective learning strategy in a wide variety of work environments, since an employee must respond quickly and effectively, when the work environment changes. This includes, but is not limited to, the service industry. Jobs in grocery stores, restaurants, clothing stores and other service jobs require a different work ethic depending on what is going on in the business on that day. On a normal, slower day, the employee should take time to get the job done the way they were taught, as effectively as possible. On days when there is an overwhelming amount of business, the employee must be prepared to alternate their work ethic in order to learn how to adapt to different work scenarios. In doing so, they can use the most effective strategies to help deal with an overwhelming work environment. This same principle of learning can be effective in work outside of the service industry as well.

Incidental learning can be very effective in the online marketing industry. While there is a basic understanding of how online marketing works, this can vary substantially based on the client’s industry. Craig and Tulving suggested that the elaboration of an idea can aid in a person’s capacity of recall. It is important to use effective marketing strategies that work for a particular industry. For example, a call action on ads for a drug treatment facility, can be best elaborated with hope for success, while a call to action for a nightclub, can be more thoroughly elaborated on by means of entertainment. In addition to this, they must be familiar with the company’s cliental and the advertising platforms and ads that appeal to them most effectively. In doing so they continue to elaborate on an audience for a variety of industries, thus taking less time and effort to effectively strategies new marketing campaigns.

Incidental learning can be helpful in a work environment, catered to children with special needs, such as Autism and Down Syndrome. It is essential to have a basic understanding of these conditions and have a general means of helping these individuals. In doing so, they will find therapeutic strategies that can help elaborate on a child’s success and at the same time complicate things for a different child. The situations and circumstances can be more thoroughly understood this way. It can be difficult to adjust based on everyone’s circumstance. It is best to understand each child’s individual personality, as well as strengths and weaknesses of the child to be most effective in this work environment. This will help determine the most effective learning mechanisms for that child. In doing so, a person will excel in this field beyond measure.

In conclusion, life is faced with situations that involve different states of mind to help deal most effectively with various situations. That is not to say we can generalize this to society at large.  Everyone must learn to discover what means of learning and memory processing is most effective for them, as well as the situations these learning methods are most effective in. Pattern recognition can be most effective in fields of academics such as; math, history, and written assignments, since it allows the student to memorize and learn more efficiently by understanding how facts and ideas relate to each other. In contrast, memorization and recall of a wide variety of facts information, absent the understanding of the relationship of this knowledge is more difficult to obtain and execute effectively in the workforce. However, situations are not always the same, and different learning strategies must be applied. It is therefore essential that a person learns to recall quickly and effectively to each situation with effective elaboration tactics. This can be true in the service industry, online marketing, special needs education, and a wide range of careers as well. A person must learn to make optimal use of their cognitive processes in the most effective way possible for each individual scenario in life.





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Gavriel DardashtiSpecial Education